What Is Physical Geography?
Physical Geography is a sub-discipline of two much larger fields of study - Geography and Earth Sciences.
The main purpose of Physical Geography is to explain the spatial characteristics of the various natural phenomena associated with the Earth's hydrosphere, biosphere, atmosphere, and lithosphere.
Rise of the Continents
is a BBC documentary series presented by Professor Iain Stewart, revealing how our iconic continents were created, and how their tumultuous past has shaped our life today. The series consists of four episodes, each of which uncovers how a continent has been formed using clues like landmarks, wildlife and minerals: Africa, Australia, the Americas, and Eurasia. And the series hypothesizes how 250 million years in the future, all of the continents will collide together once more, forming a new Pangea, with Eurasia right at its heart.
Episode 1 - Africa
Using clues like Africa's spectacular landmarks, mineral wealth and wildlife, Iain Stewart shows how the continent of Africa was formed from the wreckage of a long lost supercontinent.
Episode 2 - Australia
This episode shows how Australia's journey as a continent has affected everything from Aboriginal history to modern day mining, and also the evolution of Australia's unique wildlife.
Episode 3 - The Americas
Iain Stewart uncovers clues hidden within the New York skyline, the anatomy of American alligators and inside Bolivian silver mines, to reconstruct how North and South America were created.
Episode 4 - Eurasia
Iain Stewart reveals that the destruction of the Tethys Ocean holds the key to Eurasia's formation, and explains how India moved to join the Himalayas and how other continents will be joined with Europe.
The Living Planet: A Portrait of the Earth
is a BBC nature documentary series written and presented by David Attenborough, looking at the ways in which living organisms, including humans, adapt to their surroundings. The series consists of twelve episodes which explain how the Earth works and how living organisms survive and thrive in different environments.
Episode 01 - The Building of the Earth
This explains how the Earth has become formed as today as well as examines the life around volcanic eruptions.
Episode 02 - The Frozen World
This episode describes the inhospitable habitats of snow and ice. Mount Rainier in America is an example of such a place.
Episode 03 - The Northern Forests
This episode examines the northern coniferous forests. The programme begins in northern Norway, 500 kilometres north of the Arctic Circle.
Episode 04 - Jungle
This episode is devoted to the jungles of the tropics. Attenborough ascends a kapok in the South American tropical rainforest to observe "the greatest proliferation of life that you can find anywhere on Earth."
Episode 05 - Seas of Grass
This episode looks at a plant of which there are some 10,000 species and which covers over a quarter of vegetated land: the grasses.
Episode 06 - The Baking Deserts
This episode explores the world of deserts. It begins in the largest, the Sahara, where the highest land temperatures have been recorded.
Episode 07 - The Sky Above
This episode deals with the air and those creatures that spend most of their lives in it.
Episode 08 - Sweet Fresh Water
This episode focuses on freshwater habitats. Only 3% of the world's water is fresh, and Attenborough describes the course the Amazon, starting high up in the Andes of Peru.
Episode 09 - The Margins of the Land
This episode details coastal environments and the effect of tides, of which the highest can be found in the Bay of Fundy in North America.
Episode 10 - Worlds Apart
This episode investigates remote islands and their inhabitants. Some islands are tips of volcanoes; others are coral atolls.
Episode 11 - The Open Ocean
This episode concentrates on the marine environment. Attenborough goes underwater himself to observe the ocean's life forms and comment on them at first hand.
Episode 12 - New Worlds
This episode surveys those environments that have been created by and for humans.
The Planet Earth
is a BBC nature documentary series narrated by David Attenborough, looking at a global overview of different habitats on Earth. The series consists of eleven episodes which cover various different types of wildlife habitats on our planet such as mountains, caves, deserts, and the polar regions.
Episode 01 - From Pole to Pole
This episode gives a general overview of the series by briefly touching what to be dealt with from each individual episode, and it reveals the effect of gradual climatic change, i.e. global warming.
Episode 02 - Mountains
This episode focuses on the mountains, including Ethiopia's Erta Ale, the Alps, the Rockies and the Himalayas.
Episode 03 - Fresh Water
This episode describes the course taken by rivers and some of the species that take advantage of such a habitat.
Episode 04 - Caves
This episode explores caves, where are the least explored places on Earth, and looks at the creatures living in them.
Episode 05 - Deserts
This episode explores the deserts such as Mongolia's Gobi Desert, Africa's Sahara and the Atacama in Chile, and looks at those animals who have adapted to the harsh environment.
Episode 06 - Ice Worlds
This episode looks at the polar regions (the Arctic and the Antarctic) where have the greatest seasonal extremes and life is heavily influenced by the advance and retreat of the ice.
Episode 07 - Great Plains
This episode deals with savanna, steppe, tundra, prairie, and looks at the importance and resilience of grasses in such treeless ecosystems.
Episode 08 - Jungles
This episode examines jungles and tropical rainforests. These environments occupy only 3% of the land yet are home to over half of the world's species.
Episode 09 - Shallow Seas
This episode is devoted to the shallow seas that fringe the world's continents. Although they constitute 8% of the oceans, they contain most marine life.
Episode 10 - Seasonal Forests
This episode surveys the coniferous and deciduous seasonal woodland habitats - the most extensive forests on Earth.
Episode 11 - Ocean Deep
This episode explores the depths of the oceans, discovers some strange fishes that have rarely been seen, and looks at food chain in those habitats.
Mankind: The Story of All of Us
is a twelve-part documentary series telling the history of the human race. The series covers turning points in the human history including how people's lives in one part of the world are affected by events elsewhere.
Episode 01 - Inventors
On a unique planet, a unique species takes its first steps: Mankind begins. But it's a world full of danger. Threatened by extinction, we innovate to survive.
Episode 02 - Iron Men
A mysterious band of pirates plunders the Mediterranean coast--leaving destruction in its wake. Empires fall, but out of the chaos, we discover iron.
Episode 03 - Empires
The Roman Empire's vast network of roads and shipping lanes allows goods and ideas to flow across three continents.
Episode 04 - Warriors
When Rome is sacked by barbarians, Europe enters a Dark Age. But from the fringes of the old empire, two new forces remake the world.
Episode 05 - Plague
Traveling along Mongol trade routes, the disease wreaks havoc in Asia and Europe - the greatest biological disaster in history.
Episode 06 - Survivors
Gold from Africa kickstarts the rebirth of Europe. Chinese innovations inspire Europe--leading to the printing press. Millions of books are printed.
Episode 07 - New World
Europeans race to find a new route to the spice-rich East. Instead, Christopher Columbus lands in America - and discovers gold. Within 30 years the Aztecs will be conquered.
Episode 08 - Treasure
In the Andes, the Spanish open up the largest silver mine in the world and mint millions of pesos de ocho (pieces of eight). These coins transform the global economy.
Episode 09 - Pioneers
Mankind embarks on a new age of exploration and tames the wilderness. In North America, Siberia and Australia ancient traditions are swept away in the name of commerce and science.
Episode 10 - Revolutions
Two great revolutions entwine. The American Revolution inspires dreams of political and personal liberty. The Industrial Revolution replaces muscle power with machines.
Episode 11 - Speed
The end of the Civil War allows Mankind to go into overdrive. This is an age of innovation, transformation and mass production.
Episode 12 - New Frontiers
Mankind takes on godlike powers: to feed billions of people, reshape the landscape, re-engineer the human body.
The Blue Planet
is a BBC nature documentary series narrated by David Attenborough, exploring the different types of marine habitats - from the deepest seas to the coastal seas and the Antarctic to the Arctic - and how each of the creatures living there survive. The first episode gives an overview of ocean world by showing how much portion of our planet's surface the oceans occupy, the diversity of life in and around the oceans, and how ocean life is influenced by the ocean currents, sun and moon.
Episode 1 - The Blue Planet
This episode gives an overview of ocean world by showing how much portion of our planet's surface the oceans occupy, the diversity of life in and around the oceans, and how ocean life is influenced by the ocean currents, sun and moon.
Episode 2 - The Deep
This episode explores the unknown depths of the ocean where no sunlight reaches. It brings lots of stunning footage of the creatures living in the deep seas.
Episode 3 - Open Ocean
This episode focuses on life in the open ocean, the waters far from land. It looks at the oceanic life in relation to the food chain: the hunters and the hunted.
Episode 4 - Frozen Seas
This episode examines oceanic life in the Arctic and the Antarctic, focusing on walruses, whales, polar bears, penguins and leopard seals.
Episode 5 - Seasonal Seas
This episode looks at how marine life and the seas in the temperate zones are influenced by the seasonal changes.
Episode 6 - Coral Seas
This episode examines coral reefs: how coral reefs are formed to begin with, their relationships with other marine life, and their reproduction.
Episode 7 - Tidal Seas
This episode deals with how the rising and falling tides caused by the gravitational pull of the mood influence marine life.
Episode 8 - Coasts
This episode looks at marine life living in the coastal habitats: Marine Iguanas, birds, turtles, penguins and sea lions.
The Story of India
is a BBC documentary series presented by Michael Wood, exploring the 10,000-year history of the Indian subcontinent. The series consists of six episodes, each of which deals with a different period of Indian history featuring important events of the period.
Episode 1 - Beginnings
Michael Wood travels throughout the subcontinent, tracing the richness and diversity of its peoples, cultures and landscapes.
Episode 2 - The Power of Ideas
In this episode, Michael Wood looks at the power of ideas of Indian history; religious ideas like Buddhism, the influence of Alexander the Great's invasion of India, and the rule of the emperor Ashoka.
Episode 3 - Spice Routes and Silk Roads
In this episode, Michael Wood traces India in the early centuries CE, the time of the Roman Empire in the west, focusing on India's trading with other countries.
Episode 4 - Ages of Gold
This episode tells the story of India in the Middle Ages, featuring the amazing achievements of the country's golden age, including the discovery of zero and the calculation of the Earth's circumference.
Episode 5 - The meeting of Two Oceans
This episode charts the coming of Islam to the subcontinent and one of the greatest ages of world civilisation: the Mughals.
Episode 6 - Freedom and Liberation
This episode examines the British Raj and India's struggle for freedom.
is a BBC nature documentary series narrated by Sudha Bhuchar, exploring the natural history of the River Ganges in India and Bangladesh. As well as the variety of animals and habitats that are to be found along the river's 2,510 km (1,557 mi) reach, the series also features the cultures, traditions and religions of the very large human population that it supports. For Hindus, the Ganges is a sacred river and a place of pilgrimage, a deep influence on their religion and culture as well as being their lifeblood. Over the course of three episodes, the series is presented as a journey from the source of the river in the high Himalaya to its delta at the Bay of Bengal. (from wikipedia.org)
Episode 1 - Daughter of the Mountains
This episode journeys deep into the Himalayas to the source of the Ganges, providing a glimpse into the natural and spiritual worlds that swirl around India's most sacred river.
Episode 2 - River of Life
Following the River Ganges as it journeys across Northern India, this episode explores the colourful natural history of the Gangetic Plains.
Episode 3 - Waterland
This episode sees the effect the River Ganges has when it meets the Bay of Bengal and forms the largest delta system in the world; the vast mangrove swamp, the Sundarbans is part of the delta.
Land of the Tiger
is a BBC nature documentary series presented by Valmik Thapar, exploring the natural history of the Indian subcontinent.
Episode 1 - The Tiger's Domain
This episode focuses on the wildlife of India's central forests and grasslands, including Bengal tigers, spotted deer, langurs, jackals, wild dogs, elephants, and cobras.
Episode 2 - Sacred Waters
This episode features the wildlife of India's sacred rivers, the Ganges and Brahmaputra; the Bharatpur wetland sanctuary near the Taj Mahal is a birds' haven; in Kaziranga National Park, giant animals like Indian rhinos, wild elephants, wild buffalo and tigers are shown.
Episode 3 - Unknown Seas
In this episode, Valmik Thapar looks at the natural and cultural history of India's east and west coasts: the coral islands of Lakshadweep in its west coast and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in its east sea.
Episode 4 - Desert Kingdom
This episode deals with the wildlife of the Thar Desert, in northwestern part of India, where the local people are guardians of the animals.
Episode 5 - Mountains of the Gods
In this episode, Valmik Thapar travels to the Himalayas in the northern boundary of the Indian subcontinent, and looks at wildlife including snow leopard and red panda, as well as local people and their culture living friendly with wild animals.
Episode 6 - Monsoon Forest
This episode looks at the wildlife of India's rainforests, including flying lizards, chameleons, fig trees, wild elephants, and wild boars.
Around the World in 80 Days (online google lit trip)
The Wonderful World of Albert Kahn
is a BBC documentary series narrated by Veronika Hyks, examining philanthropist Albert Kahn's Archives of the Planet - an attempt to document all aspects of human life on earth in the early 20th century using the world's first user-friendly colour photography process, leading to an archive of 72,000 photographs shot in more than 50 countries. These form a unique historical record of 50 countries, known as The Archives of the Planet.
Episode 1 - A Vision of the World
This episode shows the pictures Kahn produced the first time he took his autochrome plates abroad during an epic round-the world trip in 1908.
Episode 2 - Men of the World Watch this****
This part tells the story of the circumnavigation of the globe by Kahn and his chauffeur, and the 1913 journey of Stephane Passet to China, Mongolia and India.
Episode 3 - Europe on the Brink
When Auguste Leon visited Scandinavia in 1910, he found widespread deprivation and famine. In the Balkans he recorded the increasing volatility of Europe on the eve of war.
Episode 4 - The Soldier's Story
This edition looks at how images of World War One were captured as Kahn's team journeyed through the shattered landscapes of eastern France.
Episode 5 - The Civilian's Story
Throughout the Great War, Kahn's photographers travelled throughout France, documenting the impact of the conflict on non-combatants in the towns and villages.
Episode 6 - Europe After the Fire
When the Armistice was signed in November 1918, Kahn's team photographed the scenes of jubilation in Paris as they witnessed the negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference and recorded the horrifying aftermath of four years of war.
Episode 7 - Middle East: The Birth of Nations
The First World War led to the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire and its former provinces came under the control of France and Britain. Albert Kahn's cameras were there to record the establishment of new nations.
Episode 8 - Far East: Expeditions to Empires
Between 1914 and 1928, Kahn sent some of his most talented photographers to the Far East. In Cambodia, Vietnam and Japan, they produced a compelling photographic record of economic and cultural life, subsistence industries, and ceremonial practices.
Episode 9 - The End of a World
This program shows the films and autochromes shot by Kahn's cameramen, depicting the lives of fishers, farmers, Gypsies and bullfighters in France.
More Living Geography
Sailing Alone Around the World.
Illustrated by Thomas Forgarty and George Varian.
by Slocum, Joshua, b. 1844
Topics Voyages around the world
Around the world in the sloop Spray;
Feb 24, 2011 Slocum, Joshua, b. 1844
Topics: Voyages around the world,
Sailing Alone Around The World
Joshua SLOCUM (1824 - 1909)
Joshua Slocum was the first man to sail around the world alone in a small boat. He personally rebuilt an 11.2 metre sloop-rigged fishing boat that he named the Spray. On April 24, 1895, he set sail from Boston, Massachusetts. More than three years later, he returned to Newport, Rhode Island, on June 27, 1898 having circumnavigated the world, a distance of 46,000 miles (74,000 km).
In 1899 he described the voyage in Sailing Alone Around the World now considered a classic of travel literature. It is a wonderful adventure story from the Age of Sail and a book of which Arthur Ransome declared, "boys who do not like this book ought to be drowned at once". (Summary by Alan Chant and Wikipedia) nice narrator, solo
Nice ebook and this recording free at Scribd with subscription